Medicinal herbs for the treatment of diseases of the oral cavity and gums.

The natural treatment of the oral cavity with herbal remedies has a long tradition and is extremely proven and effective due to the variety of natural active ingredients that the plant kingdom offers us. Natural remedies prepared from plants or parts of plants, so-called phytotherapeutic agents, are used as concentrates to be diluted in gargle or mouthwash or for direct use as mouth sprays, brushes or tooth gels with very good effectiveness in the treatment of inflammation of the gums, bleeding gums and inflammation of the oral mucosa.

Herbal natural medicine preparations

For the treatment of the oral cavity and the throat there are herbal remedies in many different preparations for example as
- in the form of aqueous alcoholic extracts for gargling and rinsing
- or as a gel, brush or spray for direct application to the oral mucosa
- or just as tea.

Due to their good antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, astringent and disinfectant properties in the oral cavity, medicinal plants are traditionally used with great success in a wide variety of diseases.

Division into 3 groups of herbal active ingredient types

The medicinal plants that are suitable for superficial mucous membrane treatment in the area of ​​the mouth and throat can be divided into 3 groups based on their main ingredients:

1. Essential Oil Drugs
These include those medicinal plants that have a high content of essential oils and terpenes (e.g. eugenol, cinnamomi, menthol, cineol, etc.).
Essential oils are effective even in the smallest doses and have an antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, disinfecting and astringent effect in the oral cavity.

The most important medicinal plants containing essential oil include:
Clove (Caryophylli flos) with a 15% essential oil content (mainly eugenol); Ceylon cinnamon bark (Cinnamomi cortex) with 1.2% cinnamon oil content (mainly cinnamaldehyde); Peppermint (Menthae piperitae folium) with 1.2% essential oil content (mostly menthol); Sage leaves (Salviae officinalis folium) with 1.5% essential oil (mainly thujone, camphor and cineole); Arnica flowers (Arnicae flos) with 0.4% essential oils (azulene, thymol and helenalin); Chamomile flowers (Matricariae flos) with 1.5% essential oil (main components chamazulene, bisabolol); Myrrh (Myrrha) with approx. 6 - 10% essential oil content (tincture / sesquiterpenes);

Preparations: GingiFIT mouthwash concentrate (clove, Ceylon cinnamon bark, peppermint, sage leaves) - 50 ml - PZN 426 5824; GingiFIT Parodont Concentrate (arnica flowers, chamomile flowers) - 50 ml - PZN 517 4905;

2. Tanning Drugs
These include those medicinal plants that have a high content of bitter or tannins (e.g. rosmarinic acid, gallotannins, Ellagen tannins, etc.).
These have a contracting or densifying (astringent) effect on the oral mucous membrane, so that it can "solidify" and shield pollutants better.

The most important medicinal plants containing tannins include:
Lemon balm leaves (Melissae folium) with 7-11% tannin content (mainly rosmarinic acid), rattanhia root (Ratanhiae radix) with 5% tannin content (catechin); Sage leaves (Salviae officinalis folium) with 4 - 6% tannin content (mainly rosmarinic acid, salvianolic acids, etc.); Tormentilla root (Tormentillae rhizoma) with 20% tannins (ellagitannins, catechins, epicatechins, etc.);

Preparations: GingiFIT mouth spray (lemon balm leaves, sage leaves, etc.) - 20 ml - PZN 510 7688

3. Mucus drugs
These include medicinal plants that have a high content of plant mucilage (unbranched polysaccharides such as arabinans, glucans, amylopectin, galactans, etc.).
These have a soothing effect on the inflamed mucous membrane of the mouth or throat and form a protective layer over the surface of the mucous membrane (epithelium). This protects the irritated tissue underneath from further chemical or physical stimuli or damage.

Medicinal plants contain the most important mucilage
Marshmallow root (Althaeae radix) with 10% and more polysaccharides (rhamnogalacturonan, alpha-glucan); Mullein blossoms (Verbasci flos) with approx. 6% plant mucilage (galactose, rhamnose, arabinose etc.); Mallow leaves (Malvae folium) with approx. 8% polysaccharides (glucuronic acid, galacturonic acid, galactose, rhamnose, etc.);


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